Did you know that most abnormal menstrual bleeding gynecologic problems are caused by an imbalance in hormones? Or that women who have abnormal Pap smears have a very small chance of developing cervical cancer from those abnormal cells?
Today we’re going to share some information regarding the most common problems we see in the area of gynecology in Arizona.
Following are a few of the most common topics and concerns that our patients have regarding their gynecologic health.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: Bleeding problems are typically caused by an imbalance in the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. When vaginal bleeding is not related to the menstrual cycle, it causes concern, especially when it occurs in childhood before menstruation has begun, during pregnancy, or at midlife, after a woman has entered menopause.
In some cases, Arizona gynecology surgical treatments to address abnormal uterine bleeding may be the best option. Surgical procedures include the following.
- Hysteroscopy, which takes a look inside the uterus through a scope.
- Operative Hysteroscopyduring which the gynecologist in Arizona removes polyps, fibroids or performs a D&C
- Endometrial Ablation, which is a procedure that uses either heat or cold energy to destroy the endometrial lining of the uterus.
- Endometrial biopsyis performed to obtain a sample of the endometrial lining.
- D & Cis a procedure performed to obtain samples of the lining of the uterus to evaluate abnormal uterine bleeding or abnormal cells.
- Laparoscopy, which uses keyhole sized incisions and a thin telescope to visualize the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding tissue.
- Hysterectomyto remove the uterus with or without ovarian removal.
Fibroid Tumors: Uterine fibroids are nodules of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop within the womb. They may grow within the wall of the uterus or they may project into the interior cavity or toward the outer surface of the uterus. In rare cases, they may grow on stalks projecting from the surface of the uterus.
Endometriosis: The name endometriosis comes from the word “endometrium,” which is the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus. If a woman is not pregnant, this tissue builds up and is shed each month, as menstrual flow at the end of each cycle. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus, usually inside the abdominal cavity. The most common symptom is pain, especially excessive menstrual cramps that may be felt in the abdomen or lower back or pain during or after sexual activity.
Abnormal Pap Smear: Initial Pap smear results reported as abnormal indicate cell changes of the cervix. A colposcopy in Arizona requires use of an instrument called a colposcope, which has a series of lenses that magnify the tissues of the cervix. It is from this instrument that the procedure gets its name. It feels similar to a Pap smear collection. However, instead of taking a sample of cervical cells, your health care provider places the colposcope at the vaginal opening to more closely examine your cervical tissue in order to detect any abnormalities.
For more advanced abnormalities revealed by colposcopy and biopsy, patients may be referred to a cancer specialist in gynecology in Arizona. If you are experiencing these or any other issues, call our office today to schedule a consultation and let’s get to the cause of the problem!